Information about pharaonic cats

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Information about pharaonic cats

 

the cats

Cats are mammals of the carnivorous family of cats, and there are sixty different breeds, which are divided according to their places of living, into pet cats, such as cats that live in homes, and wild cats, such as those that live outside homes on the roads. As for the physical characteristics of cats, they have a flexible body, a strong sense of smell, and teeth. Sharp and retractable claws that enable them to hunt their small prey easily, and they also have the ability to see at night, and it can be said that cats communicate with each other through sounds, in addition to that they communicate through body language being animals with quick reactions, and in this article We will talk about the types of cats and allocate one of their types, the Pharaonic cats; about its characteristics and history.[١]

types of cats

There are thousands of different types of cats, and each type has a different personality and way of interacting with certain situations. However, different types of cats can be similar in some of their lifestyles. For example, cats sleep from sixteen to eighteen hours a day; Because their bodies release a hormone that enables them to grow during sleep, and some types of cats will be mentioned below[٢]:

  • Persian cats: Persian cats are a breed of cats characterized by a round face and long fur, which is known in Iran as the Persian cat, and in 2015 AD, the Persian cat was ranked second among the most popular breeds in the United States of America, according to the Association of Animal Breeders.[٣]
  • Siamese cats: Siamese cats are distinguished by their blue eyes, and in ancient times this type of cat was presented as gifts to dignitaries, and this happened for the first time in the United States of America in 1878 AD when a Siamese cat was given as a gift to President Rutherford and his wife by the American Consul.[٤]
  • British Shorthair Cats: This type of cat is distinguished by its attractive appearance due to the thickness and density of the fur on its body and its loving and simple nature.[٤]
  • Japanese cats: Japanese cats are distinguished by having a short tail similar to that of a rabbit, and this was caused by a genetic mutation that caused the number of tail vertebrae to be reduced from their normal shape.[٤]

pharaonic cats

Later on what was mentioned about the types of cats, there is another type of them called Pharaonic cats; The Pharaonic cats are a breed of domestic cats that are characterized by the absence of fur on their bodies, and the cause of this is a genetic mutation, which first occurred in 1975 AD with one cat and then another cat was born with the same condition the following year, in 1978 AD, and in view of that this must have The type of cat with special care, including bathing regularly; To keep the skin free of the oils absorbed by the bodies of these cats, their ears, which are large in size, must be cleaned regularly. To rid them of dirt and dust and prevent the accumulation of waxy substance in them[٥]And care must be taken not to expose them to direct sunlight, to prevent their skin from getting burns, and these burns can cause skin damage in the event that these cats were infected, and on the other hand, Pharaonic cats can have fine hair, and since they do not have fur, their loss of temperature Faster than other cats, and they do not have the ability to maintain their body temperature, and this makes them constantly look for sources of heat, and in the winter, the breeders of these cats provide warm coats and clothes for them to help them maintain their body heat.[٦]

Characteristics of pharaonic cats

DNA analysis in 2010 confirmed that the origin of the dander on the bodies of Pharaonic cats came from an allele of the same allele that produces the short curly hair of the Devon Rex cat. The allele also, and the keratin gene is the gene responsible for the decrease in hair follicles, which led to a mutation for these cats by losing their full functions as they destroyed the hair structure, and in the case of the appearance of hair on the bodies of these cats, they cannot be removed or untied easily, as for their other characteristics Standards for the physical characteristics of this breed of cats have been set by the International Cat Association, which will be mentioned in the following:[٦]

  • Their heads are wedge-shaped with prominent cheekbones.
  • These cats have large lemon-shaped eyes.
  • They have very large ears with hair loss inside, and are soft from the bottom to the outside base.
  • The neck of these cats is long and is characterized by strong muscles.
  • The torso of this type of cat is medium in length, and its abdomen is round in shape.
  • The claws of this type of cat are much thicker than the claws of other cats.
  • have furry tails; Either the fur is found completely along the tail or on its tip like a lion.

The history of pharaonic cats

Pharaonic cats were discovered in the seventies in North America, and their Canadian breed began in 1966, when a kitten was born without fur called Al-Brun, and then it was married, and this resulted in the birth of cats in the same condition as well. The Al-Brun cat was the first attempt to create a breed of this type of Cats, and in the same year, Riad Bawa, a long-time cat breeder with his mother Bania, developed her breed, and we were able to identify the recessive gene that caused her fur shedding, and then a successful program was established; To breed this type of cats, which eventually made them have the ability to reproduce, and this happened over the years, as three small cats of the same breed were found in the neighborhoods of Canada in 1983 AD.[٦]

 

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